Applicable for A-Level, IB, DSE, AP-Level Exams

Atomic Structure    Stoichiometry    Bonding    Energetics    Kinetics    Equilibria    Redox    Group 2    Group 7    Alkanes    Alkenes and Alcohols    Organic Analysis    Thermodynamics    Kinetics 2    Equilibrium Constant Kp    Electrode Potentials & Cells    Acids, Bases & Buffer    Periodicity    Transition Metals    Inorganic Compounds in Acqeous Solutions    Optical Isomerism    Aldehydes & Ketones    Carboxylic Acids & Derivatives    Aromatic Chemistry    Amines    Polymers    Amino Acids, Proteins & DNA    Organic Synthesis    NMR    Chromatography   


Condensation Polymerisation

Condensation polymerisation involves the removal of water from 2 functional groups to form a polymer. Polyamides and polyesters are examples of condensaation polymers.

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Addition Polymerisation

Addition reactions of alkenes can be used to make polymers.

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Biodegradability and Disposal of Polymers

Polyalkenes are chemically inert and non-biodegradable. On the other hand, polyesters and polyamides (which are formed from condensation polymerisation) can be broken down by hydrolysis and are biodegradable. There are 3 different methods for the disposal of polymers: Burying, Burning and Recycling.

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