Applicable for A-Level, IB, DSE, AP-Level Exams

Atomic Structure    Stoichiometry    Bonding    Energetics    Kinetics    Equilibria    Redox    Group 2    Group 7    Alkanes    Alkenes and Alcohols    Organic Analysis    Thermodynamics    Kinetics 2    Equilibrium Constant Kp    Electrode Potentials & Cells    Acids, Bases & Buffer    Periodicity    Transition Metals    Inorganic Compounds in Acqeous Solutions    Optical Isomerism    Aldehydes & Ketones    Carboxylic Acids & Derivatives    Aromatic Chemistry    Amines    Polymers    Amino Acids, Proteins & DNA    Organic Synthesis    NMR    Chromatography   

Organic Analysis

IR Spectroscopy

IR Spectroscopy allows us to identify what type of molecule a sample is as different types of bonds absorb different types of frequency. Peaks of an IR spectroscopy graph can be matched with wavenumbers in a data sheet to identify what type of bond is present.

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Test Tube Reactions

Tollens and Fehling's reagent allow us to test for the aldehyde functional group. Sodium carbonate allows us to test for carboxylic acids. Acidifed potassium dichromate tests for primary and secondary alcohols.

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