Applicable for A-Level, IB, DSE, AP-Level Exams

Atomic Structure    Stoichiometry    Bonding    Energetics    Kinetics    Equilibria    Redox    Group 2    Group 7    Alkanes    Alkenes and Alcohols    Organic Analysis    Thermodynamics    Kinetics 2    Equilibrium Constant Kp    Electrode Potentials & Cells    Acids, Bases & Buffer    Periodicity    Transition Metals    Inorganic Compounds in Acqeous Solutions    Optical Isomerism    Aldehydes & Ketones    Carboxylic Acids & Derivatives    Aromatic Chemistry    Amines    Polymers    Amino Acids, Proteins & DNA    Organic Synthesis    NMR    Chromatography   



Le Chaterlier's Principles states that if a system at equilibrium is disturbed, the equilibrium moves in the direction in the direction that tends to reduce the disturbance. Equilibrium will always shift to reduce the concentration when concentration is increased/towards the sides with fewer moles with increased pressure/shifting towards endothermic side when temperature is increased.

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Equilibria In Industry

The Haber Process, methanol and ethanol production all utilise the concept of controlling equilibria.

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