Applicable for A-Level, IB, DSE, AP-Level Exams

Particle Physics    Quantum Physics    Waves    Optics    Mechanics    Materials    Electricity    Circular Motion    Simple Harmonic Motion    Thermal Physics    Gravitational Fields    Electric Fields    Capacitors    Magnetic Fields    Electromagnetic Induction    Radioactivity    Nuclear Energy    Discovery of the Electron    Wave-Particle Duality    Special Relativity   

Thermal Physics

Internal Energy & Thermodynamics

Internal energy is the sum of the potential and kinetic energies of molecules.

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Thermal Energy Transfer

During a change of state the potential energies of the particle are changing but the kinetic energies stay the same. A continuous flow calorimter can b used to find the difference in thermal energy between a tube and used to find the specific heat capacity of a fluid.

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The Kinetic Theory of Gases

Gas laws are empirical in nature whereas the kinetic theory model arises from theory.

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